Iran’s ministry of education on Sunday banned the use of foreign social media networks in schools amid a push by Tehran to limit the influence of outside online platforms, a media report said.
Schools must “only use domestic social networks” for their communication, the ministry said in a statement.
Telegram is the most popular social network in Iran. In 2017, the app claimed it had 40-million monthly users in Iran.
Instagram is also very popular, and companies in Iran — like elsewhere — often use both platforms to communicate directly with customers.
Less used, Facebook and Twitter are blocked in Iran, but easily accessible using a virtual private network (VPN).
During a wave of protests that hit dozens of Iranian cities over at the start of the year, Iranian authorities temporarily banned Telegram, accusing the app of allowing foreign-based “counter-revolutionary” groups to fuel unrest.
Since then, authorities have sought to develop Iranian social media networks and limit the reliance on foreign-based platforms, which Tehran accuses of hosting sites deemed hostile to Iran.
Several Iranian platforms offering services similar to Telegram have emerged in recent months, like the Soroush network, which already claims to have five million subscribers.
According to the official IRNA news agency, Telecommunication Minister Mohammad-Javad Azari Jahromi recently pledged Iranian networks would offer the same guarantees of confidentiality as foreign platforms.
“No message is read, and no (personal) information is communicated to anyone,” he told parliament.
In a statement recently posted to his website, Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said the government should guarantee the “security and privacy” of people on the internet.
Khamenei called intrusions into online privacy “haram”, or prohibited from a religious standpoint.
Iranian media has appeared to encourage people to join the new networks by assuring viewers they will continue to operate even if Telegram is again banned.