Pakistan is bracing to erect a fence, a Berlin Wall-style divide, to demarcate the Afghanistan-Pakistan frontier, a media report said today.
The Pashtuns, however, have ignored the invisible line for decades that bisects their dusty villages and demarcates the Afghanistan-Pakistan frontier.
Pakistan is building a fence to prevent militants criss-crossing the porous 2,500 km (1,500 mile) frontier along the disputed colonial-era Durand line drawn up by the British in 1893, the report said.
The fence, which Kabul opposes, will run down the middle of so-called “divided villages” where few people have passports and Pashtun tribal loyalty often trumps allegiance to the state, the report added.
Seven such villages are dotted around Chaman district, home to the bustling border-crossing town of Chaman in Pakistan’s southwestern province of Balochistan. Other divided villages are believed to exist further north in the restive Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), the report said further.
Pakistani officials in Balochistan are now working on shifting Pakistani citizens in the divided villages to their side of the fence and say security worries override concerns that it will break up communities, the report claimed.
“(A border wall) was there in Germany, it is in Mexico. It is all over the world – why not in Afghanistan and Pakistan?” Col. Muhammad Usman, commander of Pakistan’s Frontier Corps paramilitary force in Chaman, was quoted in the report as saying.
“These tribals have to understand that this is Pakistan and that place is Afghanistan.”
Yet scepticism about the fence abounds. Pakistan’s previous attempts to build one failed about a decade ago and many doubt whether its possible to secure such a lengthy border, the report said.
Pakistan, in anticipation of the fence, plans to build more than 100 new border posts and Islamabad is recruiting in excess of 30,000 soldiers to man them, according to a senior military source, the report said.
“Trump is doing as per requirements of America; we are doing as per requirements of Pakistan,” Usman was quoted as saying.
Tense relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan boiled over in two divided villages in May during Pakistan’s census survey. More than 10 people were killed when Afghan border troops, objecting to the census, clashed with the Frontier Corps in Killi Jahangir and Killi Luqman villages near Chaman.
Kabul and Islamabad accuse each other of sheltering militants and providing safe havens for Islamist groups who carry out cross-border attacks.
Many residents in Killi Jahangir and Killi Luqman welcome the fence in the hope it will prevent bloodshed. But others are concerned it will hurt business and separate them from friends and family, the report claimed.
“There will no infiltration of terrorists or suspects from Afghan areas…but my own small business, which I was doing with Afghan people, will be affected,” Abdul Jabbar, a Pakistani owner of a small enterprise in Killi Jahangir, was quoted as saying.
Pakistani officials have long struggled to impose security in the Pashtun tribal heartland. The area stretches for hundreds of kilometres, including rugged mountainous terrain, and has been a hotbed of arms and heroin smuggling for decades. US drone strikes have also targeted militants from Al-Qaeda and other groups in the region.
For the likes of taxi driver Abdul Razzaq, 30, having peace of mind offsets the loss of business due to the fence.
“Now I can sleep in my home without any fear,”.